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Munich Agreement Definition

(8) The Czechoslovakian government will release, within four weeks of the date of this agreement, all Sudeten Germans who wish to be released by their military and police forces, and the Czechoslovakian government will release, within the same period, the prisoners of the Sudetenland who will serve prison sentences for political offences. The Munich Agreement was an agreement between France, Italy, Nazi Germany and Britain. After Germany threatened to invade the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia, the British and French prime ministers tried to urge Hitler to agree that its military would no longer be used in the future in exchange for the country`s capture, including From Rhineland and others. After Hitler`s agreement, most Dieers regarded the agreement as a success, but Hitler invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia in 1939. Later that year, World War II began. (7) There is a right to vote in and out of the transferred territories, the possibility to exercise within six months from the date of this agreement. A German-Czechoslovakian commission defines the terms of the option, examines the possibilities of facilitating the transmission of the population and resolves the fundamental issues arising from this transfer. The Munich Agreement was a colony that allowed Nazi Germany to annex parts of Czechoslovakia along the borders, mainly inhabited by Germans, for which a new territorial name « Sudetenland » was invented. The agreement was negotiated at a conference in Munich, Germany, between the great powers of Europe, without the presence of Czechoslovakia. Today, it is widely regarded as an abortive act of appeasement towards Germany. The agreement was signed in the early hours of September 30, 1938. The aim of the conference was to discuss the future of the Sudetenland in the face of Adolf Hitler`s ethnic demands.

The agreement was signed by Germany, France, the United Kingdom and Italy. The Sudetenland was of vital strategic importance to Czechoslovakia, as most of its border defences were there and many of its banks and heavy industries were also located there. As the Czechoslovakian state was not invited to the conference, he was betrayed by the United Kingdom and France, so that the Czechs and Slovaks described the Munich Accords as a Munich diktat. The term Munich betrayal is also used because Czechoslovakia`s military alliance with France and Great Britain proved useless. Today, the document is usually simply called the Munich Pact. On 29 and 30 September 1938, an emergency meeting of the major European powers was held in Munich – without Czechoslovakia or the Soviet Union, allied with France and Czechoslovakia.